Different Types Of Chemical Peels And Acids (Part 1)

different types of chemical peels

Dermatologists in Aliso Viejo talk about different types of chemical peels and acids

Depending on the needs and sensitivity of the skin, there are quite a few options of chemical peels available. It is best to research and read about different types of peels before you choose your option. Continue reading to find out all about different types of chemical peels and acids.

Types Of Chemical Peels

  • The strength of chemical peels depends on the concentration of acids and active ingredients. The higher the concentration the stronger is the peel. Depending on the potency, professional chemical peels are divided into three categories.

Superficial Chemical Peels

  • Superficial chemical peels are also known as light peels. They work on the epidermis or superficial layer of the skin to remove the built-up dead skin cells that make your skin look dull. Some of the superficial peels remove only the stratum corneum of the epidermis, while others reach deep till the basal layer.

The superficial chemical peeling can be performed by an aesthetician or a board-certified physician. Superficial chemical peels are ideal for treating a variety of complexion concerns. These include:

  • Fine lines
  • Acne
  • Acne scarring
  • Hypopigmentation
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Uneven texture
  • Dullness

Medium Chemical Peels

  • Medium peels penetrate the entire epidermis to reach within the papillary dermis to exfoliate cells. The papillary dermis is the thin top layer of the dermis. It is responsible for giving blood and nutrients to the epidermis through its network of blood vessels and connective tissues.

It is essential to consult with a certified dermatologist or plastic surgeon before going for the treatment. This will help avoid possible complications and unwanted outcomes. Since medium peels penetrate the deeper layer of skin, they produce more pronounced results as compared to light chemical peels.

Medium peels are well suited for the following skin issues:

Commonly Used Medium Peels

Most aestheticians use the following concentration of chemicals when performing the treatment.

  • 20 to 35% concentration of Trichloroacetic Acid or TCA
  • 35 to 50% concentration of glycolic acid
  • For deeper penetration modified Jessner’s solution is applied in multiple coats.

Deep Chemical Peels

  • As the name indicates, deep chemical peels penetrate the deepest into the skin to provide the most promising results. Deep chemical peels may penetrate down into the reticular dermis by removing the entire epidermis and the papillary dermis.

Deep peels may carry some risks which are why they are performed only by a highly trained, board-certified provider. They address the most significant skin concerns including:

  • Scarring
  • Deep wrinkles
  • Sun damage
  • Uneven skin tone
  • Pre-cancerous growths
  • Skin laxity

Chemical Concentration

  • types of chemical peelsIn deep chemical peel treatment, TCA is used in concentrations of 50 percent or more depending on the patient’s goals and needs.

This concentration of TCA is capable of producing relatively noticeable results by performing the deep peel. This is the most powerful formulation used for chemexfoliation treatment in the Baker-Gordon Peel.

Baker-Gordon Peel

  • Baker-Gordon Peel was developed in the 1960s. Originally the formulation consisted of phenol and croton oil which is the oil derived from seeds of the Croton Tiglium plant. This helped resurface the skin but gave rise to unwanted hypopigmentation and an unnatural appearance.

So the modern Baker-Gordon Peels have adjusted the amount of croton oil in a way that gives practitioners more control over the depth of the peel. Combined with pre-treatment regimens this modern composition of deep peels safely eliminates all the skin concerns.

At Alladerm, your chemical peel is customized to ensure you get the most benefits from treatment. Book your appointments at 949-916-7166 to consult with a reliable esthetician to determine the best type of peel for your skin. We are located in Aliso Viejo, CA.

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